What makes this resort community tick - stellar surroundings, rich history, abundant activities & the people.Area Description
The Towns of Winter Park and Fraser, located in Grand County, Colorado, are situated in a high mountain park at elevations of 9,100 ft. and 8,800 ft. respectively. The valley is surrounded by the Arapaho National Forest and three wilderness areas: Indian Peaks, Byers Peak and Vasquez. Approximately 75% of the land in Grand County is publicly owned. 17,000 acres of public land is owned by the City of Denver Water Board. Nearby Rocky Mountain National Park sets aside 265,727 acres of natural land and wildlife habitat for the public to enjoy.
Tourism in the main source of industry in eastern Grand County (referred to as the Fraser Valley), while ranching and agriculture are the primary industry in western Grand County. The population of Grand County is approximately 14,500 in the whole county, and is dispersed through the rural areas and its six incorporated towns. Primary access to the Fraser Valley is via Highway 40 over Berthoud Pass, which reaches an elevation of 11,315 ft.
The Town of Winter Park is 7.5 square miles, including the base village of Winter Park Resort. The town and ski area have long been popular with Denver Metro residents, thought the region is quickly becoming a four-season vacation destination. The town od Fraser, located approximately 1.5 miles north of Winter Park, is 6 square miles. Fraser is home to the grocery store, elementary school, library, town hall, coffee shops and restaurants. Both towns are characteristic of seasonal resort towns, bustling during the busy season and peaceful during the shoulder seasons. The Fraser Valley is only 90 minutes northwest of Denver, 90 minutes from Summit County and two hours from the Vail Valley.
The Fraser Valley is rich in heritage, ranging from the Ute Indians, logging and pioneers, to mining, ranching and the railroad. The area was inhabited by both the Ute and Arapaho Indian Tribes and was discovered by pioneers around 1820. The first settlers arrived around 1865 and the first post office was established in Fraser in 1876, which is now Cozen’s Ranch Museum.
David Moffat pioneered the building of a transcontinental railroad line from Denver to the West Coast. Tracks over the top of Rollins Pass were completed in 1905 and used steadily until 1928 when the 6.2 mile Moffat Tunnel was opened. The railroad provided the impetus for another industry in Grand County, logging. While the railroad was pushing west there was a tremendous need for timber. The logging industry flourished in the early 20th Century, helping provide valuable raw materials to Denver, a booming city on the border of the Western frontier. Although the first ski hills in Grand County were built in Hot Sulphur Springs in 1911, the railroad helped the ski industry flourish, especially Winter Park Ski Area, which opened in 1940.
Recreation - Winter & Summer
The Fraser Valley (so named for the Fraser River) is home to two alpine ski areas. Winter Park Resort and SolVista Basin at Granby Ranch. Winter Park Resort is the largest ski area in Grand County in terms of employees, acreage and skier visits. SolVista Basin at Granby Ranch, one of the regions fastest growing areas, is closer to Granby, and offers terrain that is perfect for beginner to intermediate skiers and boarders. Berthoud Pass, one of the nations highest and oldest ski areas located on the southern boundary of the Fraser Valley, is now closed to commercial operation but still provides some of the most extreme backcountry skiing in Colorado. Because our region is driven by recreation tourism, the ski areas are among the largest employers.
Snowmobiling, snowshoeing and cross-country skiing are also a strong source of income for the county in the winter. There are three commercial Nordic ski areas in the Fraser Valley. Snow Mountain Ranch/YMCA of the Rockies, has 100km of groomed trails, allows dogs on some of the trails, and has lights for night skiing. Devil’s Thumb Ranch, has 85km of groomed trails, and allows dogs on some trails. The Grand Nordic Center in Grand Lake has 35 km of groomed trails for classic and skate skiing. The Grand Nordic Center has a “dog loop”, kids tubing hill and a resident moose!
The summer brings thousands of mountain bikers (Winter Park & The Fraser Valley are Mountain Bike Capital USA™), hikers, anglers, campers, river rafters and backpackers to enjoy our idyllic summer climate. Rocky Mountain National Park, less than an hour from the Fraser Valley, is a haven for outdoor enthusiasts. In 1999, the West gate of Rocky Mountain National Park reported 499,482 visitors. The summer also brings world class musicians and artists to the numerous festivals presented by the area.
Economy & Tourism
Grand County’s major industry is tourism. Our economy depends on tourism and is largely based on seasonal activities. Luckily each season draws visitors with outdoor activities. These activities include skiing, snowboarding, snowshoeing, fishing, playing golf, viewing wildlife, hiking, mountain biking, white water rafting and more!
Sales tax in Winter Park is 8.9% and in Fraser it is 7.9%. 2.9% of this is Colorado state sales tax and 1% is Grand County tax.
Permits and Licenses
Business Licenses/Registration: Required by the Town of Winter Park 970.726.8081 and the Town of Fraser 970.726.5491
Building/Zoning Permits: Winter Park Town requires their own building permit 970.726.8081. Others can be obtained at the county seat in Hot Sulphur Springs at the Grand County Courthouse 970. 725.3347.
Vehicle Registration: Grand County Courthouse, Hot Sulphur Springs 970.725.3347.
Drivers License Office: Grand County Courthouse, Hot Sulphur Springs 970.725.3053. Hours are limited, so call first.
Climate & Ecology
Three ecological zones exist in the Fraser Valley: Montane, Sub-Alpine and Alpine. Their characteristics include sagebrush, willows, aspen, and lodgepole pine at lower elevations; mosses, lichens and pines above tree-line. Because of our high altitude and cold temperatures, winter tends to be long, but these characteristics give us some of the best powder skiing in the United States! We have some wonderful wildlife as neighbors, including elk, moose, deer, raccoons and porcupines. Predators, such as bears, mountain lions and coyotes, make this their home as well, and you should be prepared to know what to do should you encounter them (the US Forest Service office in Granby, 970-887-4100, has information).
Average High Temperature: 54° F/12° C
Average Low Temperature: 14° F/-10° C
Average Annual Rainfall: 27 in/69 cm
Average Annual Snowfall: 231 in/587 cm
Average Annual Sunny Days: 250